A brief history of Central America by Lynn V. Foster

By Lynn V. Foster

A quick historical past of critical the United States, moment version explores the background of the critical American isthmus from the pre-Columbian cultures to the modern countries that make up the quarter at the present time: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. This moment variation brings the heritage of the sector brand new with new advancements, together with contemporary elections, the ongoing fight with the aftermath of the civil wars, and the influence of the loose exchange contract signed with the USA in 2003/2004.

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Much like modern apocalyptic visions of the 2000 millennium, Mesoamericans feared the end of the world upon the completion of the Calendar Round. They believed the gods had destroyed previous worlds in the mythic past, and feared they would do so again if rituals honoring them were not properly performed. To keep the world on its course, Mesoamericans offered the sacrificial blood they believed the gods demanded. The sincerity of their belief is revealed in the self-inflicted wounds of rulers, who pierced their genitals with stingray spines and pulled thorns through their tongues in order to make blood offerings.

Cultural Exchange Some archaeologists argue that the southern chiefdoms should be studied independently of the civilizations to the north and south. The isthmian cultures achieved self-sufficient societies of great stability and duration, and they produced exquisitely skilled work in both gold, semiprecious stones, and ceramics. Yet there seems little doubt that, as scattered and independent as the southern chiefdoms were, they were not isolated from the civilizations to the north and south. They gave the gift of metallurgy to Mesoamerica, where isthmian gold is found north of Mexico City and south to the Yucatán Peninsula.

Humans, usually war captives from enemy states, were sacrificed in a variety of gruesome ways, including heart excision and decapitation. The 52-year cycle was a limited measure of time that made no distinction between one “century” and the next, in much the same way that the date ’55 does not distinguish between 1855 and 1955. The Mayans, and a few other lowland cultures, supplemented the Mesoamerican “century” with the more sophisticated calendrical system of the Long Count. E. in our calendar and, according to Mayan creation myths, the dawning of the world of the maize people.

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