By C. Shelby
Addiction argues that habit can be understood no longer as a sickness yet as a phenomenon that has to be understood on many degrees right now. making use of a fancy dynamic platforms method and philosophical technique, Shelby explains habit as an irreducible neurobiological, mental, developmental, environmental, and sociological phenomenon.
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Extra info for Addiction: A Philosophical Perspective
Humans are not in general addicted throughout their lives. Babies, if born addicted, are treated in their earliest days so that they are not addicted in the years to come (although having experienced the pattern could be a factor strengthening the probability that they will experience addiction again). Most people, happily, are not addicted at all in their earliest years. 42 Again, of those who enter treatment, many people recover from addiction, and live without that pattern in their lives for the remainder of their lives.
On this view, there is no role for the psychological per se, because psychological categories can always be reduced to physical ones. Rather than either of these alternatives, I argue throughout this book that the body and the mind of the human being comprise one organic whole, and that even though “parts” of the person may seem to be in conflict with one another, particularly in addiction, the same can be said about the mind itself. The story that addicts have to tell is often one of deep conflict, but the conflict is between competing impulses in the whole being.
One 30 Addiction class of things causes another class of things, which things in turn exert causal influence on the things that caused them. Second, emergent entities and their properties would seem to be causally redundant, for since they result from the microentities on which they rely, any causal efficacy that they exhibit can actually be traced down to those microlevel entities. So, if emergent entities and properties can be causes, it is only because of the lower-level entities and properties to which they can be traced.