By Florence E. Babb
Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a large software of social transformation to enhance the placement of the operating classification and bad, girls, and different non-elite teams via agrarian reform, restructured city employment, and extensive entry to healthiness care, schooling, and social companies. This e-book explores how Nicaragua's least strong electorate have fared within the years because the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled again those state-supported reforms and brought measures to advertise the improvement of a market-driven economy.
Drawing on ethnographic examine carried out in the course of the Nineties, Florence Babb describes the detrimental results that experience the go back to a capitalist direction, specially for ladies and low-income electorate. moreover, she charts the expansion of women's and different social pursuits (neighborhood, lesbian and homosexual, indigenous, formative years, peace, and environmental) that experience taken benefit of new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic images of a low-income barrio and of women's craft cooperatives powerfully hyperlink neighborhood, cultural responses to nationwide and international processes.
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Extra info for After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua
One anthology presented the proceedings of a conference on nationalism and identity organized by Nicaragua’s Institute of History (Tijerino 1995). Its editor reﬂected on Nicaraguan identity in relation to democratic reconciliation and national development. She went on to criticize the earlier notion that cultural diversity stood in the way of “modernization,” and called for dialogue across differences. The Marxist economist Peter Marchetti (1995), among others, referred to national identity as the key question that emerged at the end of the century and that was likely to remain key in the next decades.
These networks have continued to shape the women’s movement, and through them women have gained access to public spaces, including the media. Coming out of a decade of revolutionary practice, it is not surprising that these women took a long historical view of their current situation. Whether examining the effects of the economic crisis on their lives or the increasing Negotiating Spaces 39 7. Participants at the women’s national Encuentro (“Unity in Diversity”) held in Managua in 1992. reports of violence against women, they traced the problems over the last decade or more and sought to ﬁnd connections among many apparently disparate questions.
32 AF TER REVOLUTION References to social and political space abound in the decade of nationallevel dislocation since the 1990 election. While the right-wing tendency in the uno coalition gained substantial space in the government, it also suffered losses in the National Assembly. Sandinistas welcomed the space that became available to the fsln, and they managed, at the very least, to make their criticisms of the government’s neoliberal stabilization and adjustment programs heard. They began to demand alternatives, arguing that “opening economic spaces for the majority is the only way to depolarize the country” (Envío 1993: 10).