By Paul E. Fontenoy
Airplane vendors: An Illustrated background in their effect КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns and WarfareАвтор(ы): Paul FontenoyЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2006Количество страниц: 420ISBN: 1-85109-578-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 9.25 mb swift Ifolder zero
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Extra resources for Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact
There was a very long island to starboard that accommodated not only the navigation and flying control spaces and the stack but also all the principal armament. To counterbalance its weight the flight deck was offset to port, which also served to eliminate the encroachment of the island on the flight deck and limited narrowing of the hangars. There were two hangars, one above the other. The upper hangar was 521 feet 7 inches long and 68 feet 3 inches wide, the lower was 259 feet 2 inches long and 51 feet 2 inches wide and they were connected to the flight deck by two large elevators.
Mustin, had envisaged the potential of specialized aircraft carrying vessels from as early as 1914. It took the experience of operating with the Royal Navy during the war to generate official interest in the design and acquisition of aircraft carriers. The secondment of the British naval constructor Stanley V. Goodall to the Bureau of Construction and Repair in late 1917 proved important in translating the advocacy of sea officers, most notably Admiral William S. Sims, into concrete designs, for he brought with him plans of many of the newer British warships, including the Hermes, and summaries of the Royal Navy’s war experience.
The final design also incorporated transverse-wire arresting gear, a crash barrier, and two catapults from the outset, although the principle of a deck park was not accepted. The antiaircraft armament also was changed late in the design process, when the guns were raised to gallery deck level, thus increasing sky arcs. 27 28 AIRCRAFT CARRIERS The Ark Royal’s loss to torpedo damage at the end of 1941 was in part a result of the impact of policies and limitations on its design. To save weight and keep vital equipment within the smallest possible armor box it had only steam-powered generators, which were located inside the machinery compartments, and no backup diesel units.