By R. Scott Smith, Stephen M. Trzaskoma, Apollodorus, Hyginus
Author note: Translated and Introductions by means of R. Scott Smith, Stephen M. Trzaskoma
By supplying, for the 1st time in one variation, entire English translations of Apollodorus' Library and Hyginus' Fabulae -- the 2 most crucial surviving "handbooks" of classical mythography--this quantity permits readers to check the two's models of crucial Greek and Roman myths.
A normal advent units the Library and Fabulae into the broader context of historical mythography; introductions to every textual content speak about in higher aspect problems with authorship, goal, and impression. A normal index, an index of individuals and geographic destinations, and an index of authors and works brought up by means of the mythographers also are integrated.
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Extra info for Apollodorus' Library and Hyginus' Fabulae: Two Handbooks of Greek Mythology
II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. 1–40 There is admirable genealogical economy in this scheme, with the myriad ﬁgures of myth ﬁtting into a relatively few main genealogies. The three lineages of Deucalion, Inachos, and Agenor take up the bulk of the work, but then it becomes quite complex. 96) a full book and a half until after the lineage of Agenor. This displacement of Pelasgos, which might at ﬁrst sight seem surprisingly unmotivated, is, in fact, crucial, for it sets up the entire rest of the narrative as we move toward the Trojan War and introduces another secondary organizational principle: the geographic.
Our Index of Authors collects Apollodorus’ source citations, but he is not a modern scholar and so makes no attempt to provide exhaustive source citations for every section of his work, much less for every individual piece of information. We also face a problem of preservation—there are no speciﬁcally named sources in the epitomes, so it is likely that the name of Hellanicus, probably a source for much of the Trojan material now found in the epitomes, does not appear in the Bibliotheke because it has been removed by the epitomators, who seem to have eliminated many references or, at the least, reduced them all to the “some say” type.
The care with which he positions certain elements of the narrative (delaying Pelasgos, for example, and using his Arcadian connection to tie in to the daughters of Atlas and then to Spartan genealogy) is really quite impressive, and we ought to admire how he does this, rather than assume that something has gone awry when he does not tell a story in its “proper” place. There were obviously many sources that Apollodorus might have relied on, but the neatness of the whole organization and the care with which it is deployed convince us either that he is entirely responsible for it or that he took the speciﬁc scheme wholesale from an earlier source.