Becoming Criminal: The Socio-Cultural Origins of Law, by Don Crewe (auth.)

By Don Crewe (auth.)

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Additional info for Becoming Criminal: The Socio-Cultural Origins of Law, Transgression, and Deviance

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The reason that I point this out is that it is necessary for me to show that earlier modes of theorising have been seen to be in some ways open to criticism in order that I can proceed to suggest what I take theory to be instead. ’ It is important in our consideration of what theory is, that we see that there is a strong contention that theory cannot reveal certainties about the world because it is not representative of knowable truths about a real world, and I will take up the issue of whether theory can be revelatory of ultimate truth shortly.

1974: 229) As Mill points out, this method is a double application of The method of agreement. Thus we might reasonably argue that it is susceptible to the same claims concerning its flaws as the method of agreement, namely, that we cannot ever be certain that we have taken into account all possible circumstances in which the phenomenon occurs. The method of concomitant variations. Mill’s fourth method of revealing indirect evidence of causation is to be used where there are ‘permanent causes’ that always have an influence on a set of phenomena.

We consequently would not know if this unseen variable varied in the same way and was thus the cause or one of a plurality of causes. Hence while this method has significant uses in criminology (and social science) in general it cannot be used to ascertain with any precision what we might be talking about when we use the word cause. The method of residues. This method is a development of The method of difference. If we ‘[s]ubduct from any phenomenon such part as is known by previous inductions to be the effect of certain antecedents .

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