By Martin Albers
This e-book specializes in assisting readers to fill the space of the little recognized background among Western Europe and its most vital buying and selling accomplice: the People’s Republic of China. encouraged by means of the industrial and political signifance of Sino-European family members, this ebook indicates how the China guidelines of the 3 largest states of Western Europe – Britain, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany – helped China reintegrate into the overseas group within the Seventies. opposed to the historical past of the chilly conflict, the tip of Maoism, and the emergence of globalization, the governments in Bonn, Paris and London needed to locate methods of facing Europe’s declining impression and advertise their very own nationwide pursuits in Asia.
in keeping with newly declassified executive documents, readers will locate such assets important in figuring out the argument that, regardless of pursuing very assorted rules, the 3 governments supported a fast growth of peaceable trade among the People’s Republic and Europe and considerably contributed to the luck of Beijing's reform policy.
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Extra info for Britain, France, West Germany and the People's Republic of China, 1969–1982: The European Dimension of China's Great Transition
42 Apart from the aim of completing the process of normalisation, the interest in improved trade relations played an important role for both sides. Following the end of the Korean War, the Chinese saw the chance of getting some access to Western technology. 45 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 21 The process of rapprochement did not advance further, however, for two main reasons. 48 The Chinese themselves were aware of the double-sided character of British China policy. In 1965 they observed that London was becoming more forthcoming with regard to commercial exchange.
But economically, the PRC had no interest in a direct takeover or a situation of instability similar to what had happened a few months earlier in Macao. By selling food, water and other goods to the colony, Beijing generated desperately needed export earnings. 65 When being offered the opportunity to take back Macao in January 1967, the Chinese government had in fact refused assuming sovereignty. 67 In this confused situation there was little room for an active British China policy because London lacked the military and economic means to enforce public order in Hong Kong and at the same time give a powerful response to the Chinese attack on British diplomats in Beijing.
Thanks to Adenauer’s cautious decision not to recognise the government in Taipei in the 1950s, there were no bilateral disputes between Germany and China. The improvement of economic relations since 1957 had led to the creation of a small China lobby that would have welcomed diplomatic normalisation even though it saw no immediate need for it. Preventing the Bonn government from contemplating such steps was the general political situation in Europe. Other things had to be settled first. In particular, the FRG’s dependence on the USA meant that recognising Beijing against the will of Washington would have been almost impossible.